In 1892, the British diplomat George Curzon described Iran as "pieces on a chessboard upon which is being played out a game for the dominion of the world." During the latter half of the 19th century, the concession policies of the monarchy faced increased opposition.
In 1872, a representative of Paul Reuter met with Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and agreed to fund the monarch's upcoming lavish visit to Europe in return for exclusive contracts including mining and railway rights.
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Keywords: Titanium, Zirconia, Bilayer, Biaxial Bond strength Conference/Exhibition: European Symposium on Biomaterials and Related Areas (Euro Bio MAT)23.-24.
Similar bond strength values could be found with 1.0 and 1.5 mm porcelain thickness, whereas 2.0 mm showed significantly lower values.
Conclusion: The veneering porcelain Triceram revealed higher bond strength characteristics with titanium compared to zirconia.
Results: The biaxial bond strength for 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mm veneering thickness was 193±43, 205±46 and 170±25 MPa for titanium/Triceram and, 187±46, 155±43 and 132±44 MPa for zirconia/Triceram.During this time many Iranians who are now called Parsi chose to preserve their religious identity by fleeing from Iran to India.Persian is the official language of modern Iran, which was formerly known as Persia, and the Persian language's endonym is Farsi, an arabization of the word Parsi.), was the overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in favour of strengthening the monarchical rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on 19 August 1953, orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name "Operation Boot") and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project Mossadegh had sought to audit the documents of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC), a British corporation (now part of BP) and to limit the company's control over Iranian petroleum reserves.Upon the refusal of the AIOC to co-operate with the Iranian government, the parliament (Majlis) voted to nationalize Iran's oil industry and to expel foreign corporate representatives from the country. With all samples the veneered part was put on the balls and the biaxial bond strength for bilayered piston-on-three-ball discs was calculated  and, the Weibull modulus was determined.