We'll look at the bonding properties of carbon, the structures of hydrocarbons, different types of isomerism, and some functional groups important in biology.
There's an old saying, "You are what you eat." In some senses, this is literally true!
They can split up or ‘decay’ and release radiation.
Such isotopes are called radioactive isotopes or radioisotopes.
When we eat food, we take in the large biological molecules found in the food, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids (such as fats), and nucleic acids (such as DNA), and use them to power our cells and build our bodies.
Dive into the different types of macromolecules, what they are made up of, and how they are built up and broken down.
You, like other living systems, are an amazing energy transformer.
As you move your eyes to read these words, your body is busily converting chemical energy from your lunch into kinetic energy and thermal energy (heat). Some of them are eukaryotic (human), but many more of them are prokaryotic, thanks to the friendly bacteria of your gut, skin, and other body systems.
However, this causes a problem for those who believe based on the Bible that life has only existed on the earth for a few thousand years, since fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be over 500 million years old by radiometric methods, and some fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be billions of years old.Did you know that your body is approximately 18% carbon?Learn more about carbon and why it makes a great building block for biological molecules. From you, to your dog, to your dinner, to the global ecosystem, all living systems are made out of atoms that obey the basic rules of chemistry. Learn more about this fascinating molecule: its hydrogen bonds, its properties, and why it's a key ingredient for biological systems of all sizes.Here, you can learn about the key properties of atoms, including what particles they contain, how they are organized, and how they form chemical bonds with one another. Plus, brush up on the acid-base chemistry that takes place in water (and learn how it works in your own bloodstream)!On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years.